Unit 1 : Water Treatment
Introduction, hard and soft water, softening of water - Zeolite process, Ion exchange process, Hot Lime - Soda process, water characteristics - Hardness and its determination by EDTA method, Dissolve oxygen (DO) and its determination by Winkler’s method. (Chapter - 1)
Unit 2 : Phase Rule
Phase Rule, statement, Explaination of the terms - Phase, Components, Degrees of freedom. One component system - Water and Sulphur. Reduced phase rule equation, Two components alloy system- Phase diagram of Silver- Lead alloy system. (Chapter - 2)
Unit 3 : Metallurgy
Introduction, Occurrence of metals, types of ores, concentration of ores by physical methods-Crushing and Sizing, Froth-Flotation, Magnetic Separation, Gravity separation method. Chemical methods-Calcination, Roasting, Reduction of Ore - by Pyrolysis, Chemical reductions, Electrolytic Refining of Metals. (Chapter - 3)
Unit 4 : Fuels and Lubricants
Fuels : Introduction, classification of fuel, Calorific value of a fuel, characteristics of a good fuel, solid fuel-Coal , Various types of Coal, Analysis of coal- Proximate and Ultimate analysis, liquid fuel- Refining of Petroleum.
Lubricants : Introduction, classification of lubricants - Solid, Semi - solid and Liquid Lubricants, properties of lubricants, Physical properties - Viscosity, Viscosity index, surface tension, Flash point and Fire point. Chemical properties - Acidity, Saponification. (Chapter - 4)
Unit 5 : Electrochemistry
Introduction - Basic concepts : Definition and units of Ohm’s law, Specific resistance, Specific Conductance, Equivalent conductance, Molecular conductance, Method of conductance measurement by Wheatstone bridge method, Cell constant.
Debye- Huckel theory of strong electrolyte, Conductometric titrations, Ostwald’s theory of acid-base indicator, Quinonoid theory, Glass electrode. (Chapter - 5)