UNIT - I
Steam Power Plant : Rankine cycle - Schematic layout, Thermodynamic Analysis, Concept of Mean Temperature of Heat addition, Methods to improve cycle performance - Regeneration & reheating.
Boilers : Classification - Working principles with sketches including H.P. Boilers - Mountings and Accessories - Working principles- Boiler horse power, Equivalent Evaporation, Efficiency and Heat balance - Draught- Classification - Height of chimney for given draught and discharge- Condition for maximum discharge- Efficiency of chimney. (Chapters - 1, 2)
UNIT - II
Steam Nozzles : Stagnation Properties- Function of nozzle - Applications and Types- Flow through nozzles- Thermodynamic analysis - Assumptions -Velocity of nozzle at exit-Ideal and actual expansion in nozzle- Velocity coefficient- Condition for maximum discharge-Critical pressure ratio- Criteria to decide nozzle shape- Super saturated flow, its effects, Degree of super saturation and Degree of under cooling - Wilson line.
(Chapter - 3)
UNIT - III
Steam Turbines : Classification - Impulse turbine; Mechanical details - Velocity diagram - Effect of friction - Power developed, Axial thrust, Blade or diagram efficiency - Condition for maximum efficiency. De-Laval Turbine - its features- Methods to reduce rotor speed-Velocity compounding and Pressure compounding- Velocity and Pressure variation along the flow - Combined velocity diagram for a velocity compounded impulse turbine.
Reaction Turbine : Mechanical details - Principle of operation, Thermodynamic analysis of a stage, Degree of reaction -Velocity diagram - Parson’s reaction turbine - Condition for maximum efficiency. (Chapters - 4, 5)
UNIT - IV
Steam Condensers : Requirements of steam condensing plant - Classification of condensers - Working principle of different types - Vacuum efficiency and Condenser efficiency - Air leakage, sources and its affects, Air pump- Cooling water requirement.
Gas Turbines : Simple gas turbine plant - Ideal cycle, essential components - Parameters of performance - Actual cycle - Regeneration, Inter cooling and Reheating -Closed and Semiclosed cycles - Merits and Demerits- Combustion chambers and turbines of Gas Turbine Plant- Brief Concepts. (Chapters - 6, 7)
UNIT - V
Jet Propulsion : Principle of Operation -Classification of jet propulsive engines - Working Principles with schematic diagrams and representation on T-S diagram - Thrust, Thrust Power and Propulsion Efficiency - Turbo jet engines - Needs and Demands met by Turbo jet - Schematic Diagram, Thermodynamic Cycle, Performance Evaluation Thrust Augmentation - Methods.
Rockets : Application - Working Principle - Classification - Propellant Type - Thrust, Propulsive Efficiency - Specific Impulse - Solid and Liquid propellant Rocket Engines. (Chapters - 8, 9)