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# Fluid Mechanics & Machinery for MSBTE I Scheme (IV - Mech. - 22445)

SKU: 9789333200042
₹ 95.00

Unit - IProperties of Fluid and Fluid Pressure 1a. Compare the given two fluids based on the given physical properties.1b. Convert the pressure values from the chart of the given device and into the specified units.1c. Choose the relevant pressure measuring device for the given situation with justification.1d. Select the relevant pressure measuring devices for the given application with justification.1e. Calculate fluid pressure, total pressure and centre of pressure on the given immersed body in the specified liquid and the given position. 1.1 Properties of Fluids : Density, Specific gravity, Specific volume, Specific weight, Dynamic viscosity, Kinematic viscosity, Surface tension, Capillarity, Vapour, Pressure, Compressibility.l.2 Fluid Pressure and Pressure Measurement : Fluid pressure, Pressure head, Pressure intensity, Concepts of absolute vacuum, gauge pressure, atmospheric pressure, absolute pressure; Simple and differential manometers, Bourden pressure gauge; Total pressure, center of pressure on - regular surface immersed in given liquid in horizontal, vertical and inclined positions. 08
Unit - IIFluid Flow 2a. Compare the types of fluid flow based on the given characteristic properties. 2b. Choose the relevant discharge measuring device for the given situation with justification. 2c. Apply Bernoulli's theorem and Continuity equation to the given discharge measuring device and data.2d. Choose the relevant discharge measuring device for the given application with justification. 2c. Describe with sketched the procedure to calculate discharge using the given flow meter. 2.1 Types of fluid flows - Laminar, turbulent, steady, unsteady, uniform, non - uniform, rotational, irrotational, one, two and three dimensional flow.2.2 Continuity equation, Bernoulli's theorem.2.3 Venturimeter - Construction, principle of working, coefficient of discharge, Derivation for discharge through venturimeter.2.4 Orifice meter - Construction, Principle of working, hydraulic coefficients, Derivation for discharge through Orifice meter2.5 Pilot tube - Construction, Principle of working. 12
Unit - IIIFlow through Pipes 3a. Use laws of fluid friction for the given Laminar and turbulent flow. 3b. Use Darcy's equation and Chezy's equation for the given frictional losses.3c. Estimate losses in flow for the given pipe layout.3d. Calculate power transmitted and transmission efficiency for the given pipe layout and data. 3.1 Laws of fluid friction for Laminar and turbulent flow; Darcy's equation and Chezy's equation for frictional losses.3.2 Minor losses in pipe fittings and valves; Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line.3.3 Hydraulic power transmission through pipe.3.4 Water hammer phenomenon in pipes, causes and remedial measures. 12
Unit - IVImpact of Jet 4a. Apply impulse momentum equation to the given geometry of vanes and find equation for force and work done.4b. Calculate force exerted by a jet, work done and efficiency for the given vane and data. 4c. Draw velocity diagram for the given curved vane with special reference to turbines.4d. Draw velocity diagram for the given curved vane with special reference centrifugal pumps. 4.1 Impact of jet on fixed vertical, moving vertical flat plates.4.2 Impact on jet on curved vanes with special reference to turbines and pumps. 08
Unit - VHydraulic Turbines 5a. Select the hydraulic turbine for the given application with justification.5b. Calculate work done, power, specific speed and efficiency of the given turbine and data.5c. Describe with sketches the functioning of the given types of Draft tubes.5d. Draw characteristic curves of the given turbine.5e. Describe the procedure to troubleshoot the given type of hydraulic turbine with sketches. 5.1 Layout and features of hydroelectric power plant, surge tanks and its need.5.2 Classification of hydraulic turbines and their applications.5.3 Construction and working principle of Pelton wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbine.5.4 Draft tubes - types and construction. Concept of cavitation in turbines.5.5 Calculation of Work done, Power, efficiency of turbine. 14
Unit - VIPumps 6a. Select the relevant hydraulic pumps for the given application with justification.6b. Calculate work required and efficiency of the given centrifugal pump and data. 6c. Draw characteristic curves of the given pump. 6d. Calculate slip, efficiencies, and power required to drive the given reciprocating pump and data.6e. Select the suitable pump for the given situation with justification.6f. Describe the procedure to troubleshoot the given type of hydraulic pump with sketches. 6.1 Centrifugal Pumps : Construction, principle of working, priming methods and Cavitation; Types of castings and impellers; Static head Manometric head, Work done, Manometric efficiency, Overall efficiency, Numericals based on above parameters, NPSH, Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal pumps and its trouble shooting, Construction, working and applications of multistage pumps, Working principle and applications of submersible pumps and Jet pump.6.2 Reciprocating Pump : Construction, working principle and applications of single and double acting reciprocating pumps; Slip, Negative slip, Cavitation and separation, Use of Air Vessels; Indicator diagram with effect of acceleration head and frictional head; Pump selection criteria - head, discharge. 16
Total 70

Unit - IProperties of Fluid and Fluid Pressure 1a. Compare the given two fluids based on the given physical properties.1b. Convert the pressure values from the chart of the given device and into the specified units.1c. Choose the relevant pressure measuring device for the given situation with justification.1d. Select the relevant pressure measuring devices for the given application with justification.1e. Calculate fluid pressure, total pressure and centre of pressure on the given immersed body in the specified liquid and the given position. 1.1 Properties of Fluids : Density, Specific gravity, Specific volume, Specific weight, Dynamic viscosity, Kinematic viscosity, Surface tension, Capillarity, Vapour, Pressure, Compressibility.l.2 Fluid Pressure and Pressure Measurement : Fluid pressure, Pressure head, Pressure intensity, Concepts of absolute vacuum, gauge pressure, atmospheric pressure, absolute pressure; Simple and differential manometers, Bourden pressure gauge; Total pressure, center of pressure on - regular surface immersed in given liquid in horizontal, vertical and inclined positions. 08
Unit - IIFluid Flow 2a. Compare the types of fluid flow based on the given characteristic properties. 2b. Choose the relevant discharge measuring device for the given situation with justification. 2c. Apply Bernoulli's theorem and Continuity equation to the given discharge measuring device and data.2d. Choose the relevant discharge measuring device for the given application with justification. 2c. Describe with sketched the procedure to calculate discharge using the given flow meter. 2.1 Types of fluid flows - Laminar, turbulent, steady, unsteady, uniform, non - uniform, rotational, irrotational, one, two and three dimensional flow.2.2 Continuity equation, Bernoulli's theorem.2.3 Venturimeter - Construction, principle of working, coefficient of discharge, Derivation for discharge through venturimeter.2.4 Orifice meter - Construction, Principle of working, hydraulic coefficients, Derivation for discharge through Orifice meter2.5 Pilot tube - Construction, Principle of working. 12
Unit - IIIFlow through Pipes 3a. Use laws of fluid friction for the given Laminar and turbulent flow. 3b. Use Darcy's equation and Chezy's equation for the given frictional losses.3c. Estimate losses in flow for the given pipe layout.3d. Calculate power transmitted and transmission efficiency for the given pipe layout and data. 3.1 Laws of fluid friction for Laminar and turbulent flow; Darcy's equation and Chezy's equation for frictional losses.3.2 Minor losses in pipe fittings and valves; Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line.3.3 Hydraulic power transmission through pipe.3.4 Water hammer phenomenon in pipes, causes and remedial measures. 12
Unit - IVImpact of Jet 4a. Apply impulse momentum equation to the given geometry of vanes and find equation for force and work done.4b. Calculate force exerted by a jet, work done and efficiency for the given vane and data. 4c. Draw velocity diagram for the given curved vane with special reference to turbines.4d. Draw velocity diagram for the given curved vane with special reference centrifugal pumps. 4.1 Impact of jet on fixed vertical, moving vertical flat plates.4.2 Impact on jet on curved vanes with special reference to turbines and pumps. 08
Unit - VHydraulic Turbines 5a. Select the hydraulic turbine for the given application with justification.5b. Calculate work done, power, specific speed and efficiency of the given turbine and data.5c. Describe with sketches the functioning of the given types of Draft tubes.5d. Draw characteristic curves of the given turbine.5e. Describe the procedure to troubleshoot the given type of hydraulic turbine with sketches. 5.1 Layout and features of hydroelectric power plant, surge tanks and its need.5.2 Classification of hydraulic turbines and their applications.5.3 Construction and working principle of Pelton wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbine.5.4 Draft tubes - types and construction. Concept of cavitation in turbines.5.5 Calculation of Work done, Power, efficiency of turbine. 14
Unit - VIPumps 6a. Select the relevant hydraulic pumps for the given application with justification.6b. Calculate work required and efficiency of the given centrifugal pump and data. 6c. Draw characteristic curves of the given pump. 6d. Calculate slip, efficiencies, and power required to drive the given reciprocating pump and data.6e. Select the suitable pump for the given situation with justification.6f. Describe the procedure to troubleshoot the given type of hydraulic pump with sketches. 6.1 Centrifugal Pumps : Construction, principle of working, priming methods and Cavitation; Types of castings and impellers; Static head Manometric head, Work done, Manometric efficiency, Overall efficiency, Numericals based on above parameters, NPSH, Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal pumps and its trouble shooting, Construction, working and applications of multistage pumps, Working principle and applications of submersible pumps and Jet pump.6.2 Reciprocating Pump : Construction, working principle and applications of single and double acting reciprocating pumps; Slip, Negative slip, Cavitation and separation, Use of Air Vessels; Indicator diagram with effect of acceleration head and frictional head; Pump selection criteria - head, discharge. 16
Total 70

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